BEAUTIFUL CROATIA

Croatia is shaped like a horseshoe, stretching from Vukovar in the northeast, past Zagreb in the west, and to Dubrovnik in the far south. It gained most of its present-day contours at the end of the 17th century. With a surface area of 56,594 km², it is 19th among the European Union countries according to size, falling between Latvia and Slovakia. In terms of relief and climate, it is extremely diverse.

The territory includes extensive plains in the continental region between the River Drava and River Sava (Slavonia), mountainous areas in the centre (Lika and Gorski Kotar), and in the west and south, a long, indented, sunny coastline with over a thousand islands (Istria and Dalmatia). Croatia belongs to the Danube Basin and the Adriatic Sea and forms the Mediterranean front of Central Europe, positioned favourably in terms of geography and communications at the meeting point of important European corridors, while its harbours are used as sea exits by the neighbouring countries to the north.

Croatia is the third richest country in Europe in terms of natural water resources, and boasts a particularly well-preserved ecological environment, with hundreds of endemic plant and animal species. Almost 10% of the country is protected within 11 nature parks, 8 national parks and two strict nature reserves.

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Official nameRepublic of Croatia
Capital cityZagreb
Surface arealand 56,594 km², coastal waters (inland and territorial waters) 31,067 km²
Neighbouring countries and length of bordersSlovenia 668 km
Hungary 355 km
Serbia 318 km
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,011 km
Montenegro 23 km
Length of coastlinemainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km
Highest peakDinara 1,831 m
LanguageCroatian
Population (2011 census)4,284,889
Largest cities (2011 census)Zagreb 688,163
Split 167,121
Rijeka 128,384
Osijek 84,104
Zadar 71,471
Political systemunitary democratic parliamentary republic
Head of statePresident of the Republic
Membership of international organisationsUnited Nations from 1992
NATO from 2009
European Union from 2013
Gross National Product (2012)HRK 334 billion (EUR 45 billion)
Gross National Product per capitaEUR 10,205
ExportsEUR 9.6 billion
ImportsEUR 16.2 billion
Currencykuna (HRK)
Statehood DayJune 25
International country codeHR
Telephone prefix385
Internet domain.hr
Time zoneUTC+1

POPULATION

With a population of 4.3 million, Croatia ranks 21st in the European Union. Croats comprise 90% of the population. The Roman Catholic Church is the largest religious confession (86%), followed by the Orthodox (4.4%; mostly Serbs, who also form the largest national minority), Muslims (1.5%) and Protestants (0.3%). Croats also live in neighbouring countries as indigenous inhabitants, mostly in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Croatian diaspora worldwide, from Australia to North and South America and Western Europe, comprises over two and a half million people.

HISTORY

Contemporary Croatia, which gained independence in 1991, is the successor of the 9th century Croatian medieval prinicipalities established in the marches of the Carolingian Empire, followed by the Kingdom of Croatia, founded in 925 by King Tomislav. Soon after the death of the last great Croatian king, Dmitar Zvonimir, Croatia entered into a personal union with Hungary, and in the 14th century, the throne belonged to the French Anjou dynasty. After the Ottoman invasions in the 16th century and the loss of large tracts of land, Croatian dignitaries elected Ferdinand Habsburg as monarch in 1527, and the country remained within the Austrian Empire until 1918. The first half of this period was marked by constant wars with the Ottomans and Venetian encroachment upon greater and greater areas along the coast (Istria and Dalmatia), apart from the far south, where the independent Dubrovnik Republic developed free trade in the Mediterranean between 1358 and 1808. After the defeat of Venice and a short period in which southern Croatia was incorporated in Napoleon’s province of Illyria (1809–1813), all the Croatian lands were brought together within the Habsburg Monarchy, though they were still separate entities. They were united briefly in 1848, during the Croatian national revival. After the First World War, Croatia became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which was transformed after 1945 into a Communist federation, in which Croatia was one of six republics until 1991. Although recognised as an independent state by the international community on 15 January 1992, Croatia was forced to defend its independence by armed struggle until 1995, when the occupied territories were liberated. In 1992, Croatia became a member of the United Nations, in 2009, of NATO, and on 1 July 2013, of the European Union.

CLIMATE

There are two climate zones; a temperate continental climate, locally also a mountainous climate, prevails in the interior, whereas a pleasant Mediterranean climate prevails along the Adriatic coast, with an overwhelming number of sunny days and a sea temperature that does not fall under 20°C. This pleasant climate favours the relax and enjoyment of the treasures of the Adriatic coast. The average temperature: January 0 to 2°C, August 19 to 23°C; average temperature at the seaside: January 6 to 11°C, August 21 to 27 °C; the sea temperature is about 12°C in the winter, and 25°C in the summer. 

CURRENCY

The official currency in Croatia is the Kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices, most travel agencies and at the reception of hotels, camps as well as in marinas.

In Croatia the most used cards are: Eurocard/Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Diners. They are accepted at most hotels, marinas, restaurants and shops, as well as at ATM’s and commercial centers.

NATIONAL PARKS

Unspoiled nature of the Croatian National Parks and the diversity of flora and fauna will leave no one indifferent. Croatia has eight national parks whose unspoiled nature takes 8 % of Croatia.
There are 11 nature parks in Croatia: Bikovo, Kopački rit, Lonsko Polje, Medvednica, Papuk, Telašćica, Velebit, Vransko lake, Učka, Žumberak, and the Lastovo islands.

CroAgency_skyhouse_croatia_touristagency (4)NP BRIJUNI

The National Park Brijuni comprises of an archipelago of 14 islands and islets. It is located along the southwest coast of Istria and renowned for its special climate, landscape and cultural-historical features.

The islands are partly covered by rich Holm oak forests that were near the end of 19th century deforested for the purpose of creating a park for at that time famous summer resort. In mid 20th century fallow deer, axis deer and mouflon were introduced to the archipelago and today they are freely roaming and grazing the extensive grasslands or resting in the shadow of ancient Holm oaks. In addition to these and other introduced species, the Park’s area is also inhabited by autochthonous animals, among which birds are the most prominent group. The island Veli Brijun hosts one of the oldest olive trees in the Mediterranean, planted in the 4th century, which even today bears fruit and as a witness of ancient past attracts many tourists. The waters of Brijuni, comprising almost 80% of the Park’s surface, retained their original beauty and value due to established protection and it is a habitat of numerous marine organisms typical for communities of the northern Adriatic.

The area of the National Park Brijuni hosts around a hundred sites and structures of archaeological and cultural-historical value. It is worth to mention footprints of the dinosaur Igvanodon on cape Ploče and Barban peninsula telling the life story of these reptiles in our region.

NP KORNATI

Kornati islands are the densest archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea situated in the central part of the Adriatic. They are characterised by interesting geomorphology, well-indented coast and various living communities. The archipelago consists of 89 islands, islets and reefs.

Karst, typical for the entire Adriatic coast, is also present here consisting of harsh land on one side and exceptionally diverse submarine environment on the other. Islands are predominantly covered with vegetation of rocky-terrain pastures divided by dry stone walls consisting of grassland communities typical for dry areas. More than three quarters of the Park’s surface belongs to the sea, whose underwater environment, due to its diverse and abundant sea life, is the most prominent feature of this protected area.

The history of settling on the Kornati archipelago reaches far into the history, so from neolith to the present we can follow the development of civilisation in these areas.

NP KRKA

The bed of the river Krka is deeply embedded into the limestone plateau between the towns Knin and Skradin. This natural and karstic phenomenon created seven travertine waterfalls: Bilušića buk, Brljan, Manojlovački slap, Rošnjak, Miljacka slap, Roški slap and Skradinski buk, the highest cascade in the Mediterranean (46m).

It is overflowing with unique and rich flora – 860 different plant taxa.

The total of 221 bird species has been recorded in the Park’s area, among which the largest number are nesting birds. Some species stay there only during spring and autumn migrations and as a result this protected area was included in ornithological important areas of Europe.

The Park is rich with traces of ancient habitants and numerous cultural-historical monuments.

NP MLJET

The National Park Mljet is situated on the western part of the same-named island Mljet. Autochthonous forests of Holm oak and Aleppo pine cover more than 90% of the Park’s surface providing it with special biological and aesthetic value and it is therefore often called the “Green Island”.

Along with numerous coves, bays and islets, the Park is known for its town salty lakes, Malo and Veliko jezero (Great and Small Lake), which are actually karst valleys submerged by sea water. They are abundant with a large number of species of fish, crustaceans, shells and other marine organisms. Vineyards and fields under olive trees grown for centuries on the island only add to its landscape diversity.

The Park’s territory is also host to rich cultural-historical heritage. Inside the Great Lake there is a small isle of St. Mary with ancient Benedictine monastery and church dating from 12thcentury. The remains of the early Christian basilica, Roman palace and thermal baths are located in the town of Polače.

NP PAKLENICA

The National Park Paklenica covers the area of torrent flows of Velika Paklenica and Mala Paklenica, and their distinctive canyons carved vertically into the south slopes of Velebit and the broader surrounding area. This relatively small area has an abundance of geomorphological forms, diverse flora and fauna, attractive landscapes and intact nature.

The Park’s territory hosts around 90 speleological objects, among which the cave Manita peć and the pit Vodarica stand out because of their size and wealth of subterranean phenomena. Forests cover two thirds of the Park’s area with abundant plant communities. This protected area offers around 150 km of walking trails and is also considered the most important Croatian hub for climbing, with over 360 equipped and prepared climbing routes, of which the best known route is the cliff Anića kuk (400 m vertical face).

NP PLITVICE LAKES

The National Park Plitvička jezera (Plitvice Lakes) is the oldest Croatian national park. It is known for its magnificent travertine waterfalls which create clear lakes in a constant biodynamic process of travertine creation. As a result of that process, a series of 16 cascade-lined larger and several smaller lakes, which are the most picturesque part of this Park, was created. 

The Park is home to as much as 1267 plant species, of which 50 orchid species, 321 butterfly species, 157 bird species, 20 bat species… A special place in the abundant fauna is reserved for the largest European carnivores: brown bear, wolf and lynx. In 1979 UNESCO included Plitvice Lakes in the List of World Heritage Sites due to the uniqueness, natural beauty and value of the national park.

The most beautiful and first proclaimed national park in Croatia.

http://www.np-plitvicka-jezera.hr/en/multimedia/video/summer/

NP RISNJAK

It is located in hinterland of the city of Rijeka and Kvarner Gulf, in the north-western part of Gorski Kotar. 

The basic phenomenon of the Park are forests and hydrogeological nature monument – the Kupa river spring. There are more than a dozen of different forest communities and around thirty other types of plant communities. The Park is characterised by different karts phenomena and forms so the rich vegetation hides many potholes, sinkholes and grykes. The wealth of vegetation and extensive geomorphological diversity provide shelter to a large number of animal species, especially birds. It is also a habitat of three large carnivores: lynx (Croatian: Ris) by which Risnjak was named, wolf and brown bear.

NP NORTHERN VELEBIT

Sjeverni Velebit (Northern Velebit) was proclaimed a national park for its wealth and diversity of karst forms, flora, fauna and landscapes located within a small area.

This area already hosted four areas under special protection – strict nature reserve “Hajdučki i Rožanski kukovi”, botanic reserve “Visibaba”, the finding site of the endemic plant Croatian Sibirea, and botanic reserve Zavižan-Balinovac-Zavižanska kosa, inside which there is also the park architecture monument Velebitski botanički vrt (Velebit Botanical Garden).

The Park is a part of the International Biosphere Reserve. 

Large and preserved forests are suitable habitat for large carnivores – bear, wolf and lynx. Their presence in the same area shows the preservation of the ecosystem. Man made an extensive impact on the landscape of Northern Velebit. With the creation of new habitats – pastures, ponds and dry stone walls – man enabled the survival of many plant and animal species and contributed to its biological diversity.

GASTRONOMY

The main feature of Croatian cuisine is its diversity, so it is impossible to single out a typical cuisine or typical dish. Different natural and economic circumstances and diverse cultural influences have affected the development of several regional cuisines. Four main areas can be identified, but each of these has several subgroups with their own specific characteristics and specialities.

The Adriatic coast belongs to the Mediterranean world of cuisine. The food is light and includes a lot of fish and other seafood – cuttlefish, squid, octopus and shellfish. These are stewed, casseroled, grilled or roasted. Plenty of vegetables, legumes and wild plants (wild asparagus, meadow plants – mišanca) are also eaten. They are made into soups (maneštra), or steamed or boiled and seasoned with olive oil and garlic. Olive oil is the basic culinary addition. The most frequently prepared meats are mutton, and to a lesser extent, beef. A favourite beef dish is pašticada, braised with herbs, prunes and dried figs, bacon and red wine, and the most common accompaniments are potato noodles (gnocchi). Pork is smoked and air-dried to produce proscuitto and pancetta. The most famous hard cheese is goat’s cheese from the island of Pag.

The cuisine of Lika and Gorski Kotar is most meat-based: lamb, kid, beef and some pork. Meat is cooked with beans and pickled cabbage or turnip, grilled or roasted, and may be smoke-dried. The most common accompaniments are potatoes (ličke pole). Game is also eaten, particularly venison or boar goulash. Various kinds of mushrooms grow plentifully in the woods. The diet of these predominantly cattle-farming areas also includes plenty of dairy produce, such as the famous Lika cheese, škripavac.

Dairy products are also part of the cuisine of northern and central Croatia. Soft cow’s cheese, eaten with sour cream, is popular, as is podravska prga, a dried cheese seasoned with paprika and garlic. Sour cream is often added to stews and soups. Meat is usually poultry or pork. Turkey with mlinci, a side-dish of unleavened pastry, is one of the most famous dishes in Croatian Zagorje and the Zagreb area. Štrukli, filled pastry turnovers, are another popular dish. They can be sweet or savoury, boiled or baked, added to soup, filled with soft cheese, apples, pumpkin, poppy seeds, millet, etc. Dishes made from buckwheat, millet and barley used to be common, but these ingredients are less frequent on modern menus.

The culinary tradition of northeast Croatia (Slavonia and Baranja) relies heavily on pork, whether fresh or processed as dried products – sausages, bacon, ham, pork crackling, or the famous kulen and kulenova seka (types of salami). Čobanac is a goulash made with several kinds of meat, served with potatoes or dumplings. River fish are used to make paprikaš. Dishes are seasoned generously with paprika. Lard is used to make lard cakes (salenjaci).

Fine food and drink are an integral part of the traditions of the Croatian regions and an important factor in their contemporary identities. One component is the range of different gourmet treats for tourists – truffles in Istria, chestnuts in Kvarner, the ‘What our Ancestors Ate’ festival in Vrbovec – and restaurants and rural farms which offer traditionally prepared dishes, or those based on tradition, but adapted to modern culinary principles.

CULTURE AND ART

http://www.croatia.eu/page.php?lang=2&id=17

HOW TO REACH CROATIA?

By car – roads and highways in Croatia

To enter the country and drive in Croatia you will need an insurance green card, a valid driving licence and a car registration card. The highway A1 Zagreb – Split, since being finished in 2005, supplemnets and connects the two vital European road routes (E 59) Maribor – Zagreb – Split and (E 65) Rijeka – Split – Dubrovnik.

GAS STATION

Most gas stations are open from 7 am until 8 pm, some even 24 hours a day. A lead-free petrol, marked with green indication is sold in all of the gas stations.

ROAD INFORMATION

For all road information call 01/4640800 or look at: Croatian automobile club (HAK).

ROAD CLUES

Arrival by road from Italy is possible by several routes. To Zagreb: Trieste / Villa Opicina / Ljubljana (SLO) / Zagreb (CRO); to Istria: follow the route to Kopar – Pula; To Dalmatia: You can join highway A1 Zagreb – Split (Dalmatina) at Rijeka, or take the main coastal road to Zadar, Split and all the way to Dubrovnik. You could also use the main road through Lika.
You can find toll rates at: HAC.HR

By plane – airports, airlines, companies

From almost every international airport, there are regular flights to the capital of Croatia – Zagreb, from where you can continue your flight towards the coast. In high season, the frequency of flights is higher and many charter flights depart directly towards the biggest tourist destinations in Croatia: Pula, Rijeka, Split, Brač and Dubrovnik.

By ship or ferryboats – lines, ports, companies

Regular passenger and car-ferry services connect Italian (Venice, Trieste, Ancona, Pescara and Bari) and Croatian ports. A daily car-ferry service connects Rijeka and Split during the whole year. This service is also available for Dubrovnik three times a week.

Daily ferry line connects the cities of Rijeka and Split the whole year round. The line continuous to Dubrovnik three times a week.
The chief Croatian shipping companies holding the main ferry and shipping services in Croatia Jadrolinija

By bus – stations, companies

Regular international bus services connect Croatia with Austria, Italy, Hungary, France, Germany, Slovakia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and other countries. This kind of travelling is cheapest if you are coming from Central Europe. Bus services connect all parts of the country.

DEPARTURE

Autotrans: departure from Rijeka

Zagreb: departure from Zagreb

SITA Padova: Rome – Zagreb, Torino – Zagreb;

SAF Udine: timetable Trieste – Pula, Rijeka, Split, Medjugorje;

Eurolines: Venice – Trieste – Medulin and Napoli – Rome – Firenze – Rijeka – Split

By train – railroads and travel to Croatia by train

Railway services connect all Croatian cities except for Dubrovnik. Croatia also has direct connections with Slovenia, Hungary, Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Slovakia, France, Germany, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia and Monte Negro. It also has direct connections with almost every European country.

EUROCITY AND INTERCITY TRAINS

EC “Mimara”: München – Salzburg – Villach – Ljubljana – Zagreb;

IC “Croatia”: Beč – Maribor – Zagreb;

IC “Sava”: München – Salzburg – Villach – Ljubljana – Zagreb – Beograd

IC “Kvarner”: Budapest – Zagreb – Rijeka

IC “Podravka”: Osijek – Našice – Virovitica – Koprivnica – Zagrab

“Olimpus”: Zagreb – Beograd – Skoplje – Solun

the fast train connection: Zürich – Zagreb.

USEFUL INFORMATION

TRAVEL DOCUMENTS

A passport or some other identification document recognized by the international agreement is required. For some countries an identity card will be enough. Usually foreign visitors do not need a visa to enter Croatia – if you are not sure whether you need one or not, visit the Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ web page (www.mvp.hr). If you need a visa, contact the Croatian Embassy in your country for more information about how to obtain it.
The Croatian currency is Kuna. The current exchange rate between the kuna and various world currencies can be calculated by our currency converter on Uniline.hr main web page.

CUSTOMS REGULATIONS

Customs regulations of the Republic of Croatia are harmonized with the standards of E. U. member states. Foreign currency may be freely taken in and out of the country; local currency up to an amount of 15.000 Kuna. More valuable professional and technical equipment must be declared at the border. Tax refund when leaving the country is made to foreign nationals for individual goods purchased in Croatia for amounts in excess of 500 Kuna, by presenting a “Tax-check” form. This form is provided by a sales assistant, when items are purchased.

HEALTH SERVICES

There are hospitals and clinics located in all the larger towns and cities, while smaller centers have pharmacies and ER’s. Foreign visitors are not obligated to pay for medical services if an agreement on health services was signed between Croatia and the visitors’ country of origin. Expenses for health services given to individuals coming from such countries are charged directly to the user, as given in the price list. If you are not sure whether your country has such agreement with Croatia, make sure to check before departure.

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

1 January – New Year’s Day

6 January – Epiphany

Easter Sunday & Easter Monday

1 May – Labor Day

Corpus Christi

22 June – Anti-Fascist Resistance Day

25 June – Statehood Day

5 August – Victory Day and National Thanksgiving Day

15 August – Assumption Day

8 October – Independence Day

1 November – All Saints’ Day

25-26 December – Christmas Holidays

SHOPS AND PUBLIC SERVICES WORKING HOURS

Most shops are open from 8 a.m. until 8 p.m. on weekdays and until 2 or 3 p.m. on Saturdays and Sundays, during the summer season even longer. Public services and business offices work from 8 a.m. until 4 p.m., Mondays to Fridays.

POST OFFICES AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS

Post offices are open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. on weekdays, in smaller centers from 7 a.m. until 2 p.m.; some offices work a double shift. In most towns and tourist centers, on-duty post offices are open on Saturdays and Sundays. Stamps and phone cards, that are used for all public telephones, can be purchased from post offices and drug stores. For international calls, that can be made directly from public telephones, dial 00, then the country code followed by the telephone number.

IMPORTANT TELEPHONE NUMBERS

International country code for Croatia: 385

Ambulance: 194

Fire Department: 193

Police: 192

Roadside vehicle assistance: 1987

National Search and Rescue Center: 195

A single country number for all emergency situations: 112

General information: 18981

Information for international numbers: 11802

Weather forecast and road conditions: 060 520 520

Croatian Automobile Club (HAK): +385 1 4640 800

Croatian angels: +385 62 999 999

POWER SUPPLY AND TAP WATER

220 V, 50 Hz Power outlets in Croatia are the Continental two-pin type. Tap water is potable in all parts of Croatia.

RADIO NEWS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES DURING THE TOURIST SEASON

Croatian Radio broadcasts on several frequencies in foreign languages designed for tourists in Croatia. A daily program at 8:05 pm. is broadcasted on Channel One of the Croatian Radio in English. On Channel Two of the Croatian Radio, along with regular news, HAK provides reports on road conditions in English, German and Italian and, several times each day, information for sailors. Every hour on the hour there are also news and reports on road conditions directly from the studios of the Third Program of Bavarian Radio, the Third Program of Austrian Radio, RAI Uno and British Virgin Radio. Radio Prague broadcasts a news program at 9 pm.

USEFUL INFORMATION

Weather in Croatia
Route planner in Croatia
Croatian phonebook
Croatia maps
Restaurants in Croatia
Croatian dictionary
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DID YOU KNOW?

  1. King Tomislav was the first Croatian king. Crowned is 925.
  2. The popular HBO series Game of Thrones was filmed in Croatian cities of Split and Dubrovnik.
  3. The owner Guinness World Records for the largest white truffle in the world was a Croat. The truffle weighing 1.31 kilogram found Giancarlo Zigante from Pototoške 2 October 1999 near Buje in Istria.
  4. The town walls of Dubrovnik make the most fortified system in Europe.
  5. The amphitheater in Pula is one of three preserved in the world. It is also the sixth largest amphitheater in existence.
  6. Croat Library advised placing five concentric iron bar at the dome of St. Peter when he discovered cracks. His proposal was accepted and Michelangelo’s work was saved.
  7. Spain and Croatia have the largest number of intangible assets under the protection of UNESCO, including lace, gingerbread making and carving wooden toys.
  8. Museum of the Krapina prehistoric man stretches over an area of about 1,200 square meters and is one of the most modern museums in Croatia and central Europe.
  9. In Zadar, there are sea organ, which played under the influence of waves.
  10. Croat Slavoljub Penkala 1906 invented the mechanical pencil, called Penkala. The patent has been registered in 35 countries, and his company TOZ Penkala still works in Zagreb.
  11. Ivan Lupis Vukic in the 19th century in Rijeka made the first torpedo.
  12. The last example of Mediterranean monk seals live in Croatian waters.
  13. Tie, ribbon worn around the neck pulled under the collar shirts is original Croatian product. Spread to Europe in the 17th century through the Croatian soldiers in the Thirty Years’ War, where it became a recognizable fashion accessory. Among the first to accept the cravate ware French. In their language comes under the name cravate, and later in other European languages under similar names.
  14. Rijeka Carnival is the largest carnival in Croatia and one of the most popular in Europe.
  15. Croat Faust Vrančić is the inventor of the first wind turbines.
  16. Dalmatian dog (dog type) got its name from Dalmatia, Croatia’s coastal region.
  17. In the Dinarides, which spread along the Croatia, lives human fish (Proteus anguinus), endemic amphibian. This being can survive for ten years without food and live blindly in the dark cave.
  18. Founded in 1963 in Makarska Malacological Museum or Museum of shells contains the most extensive collection of shells in the world.
  19. Croatia has 1246 islands, islets and coves, and only 48 of them inhabited.
  20. Croatia has an unknown number of dialects. So different that neither Croats do not understand each other.
  21. The city of Zadar holds the title as the place with the most beautiful sunsets. Alfred Hitchcock said: “Zadar has the most beautiful sunset in the world, better even than the one in Key West in Florida.”
  22. The last remaining European griffon vultures are on the Croatian island of Cres.
  23. The wine is produced in Croatia for two and a half thousand years thanks to the influence of the Greeks.
  24. In 1960, the National Park Paklenica ‘played’ the American Wild West in 11 films about Winnetou.
  25. In Dubrovnik ,in 1296, was built one of the first medieval sewer systems, and it is still in use today.
  26. The plot of Shakespeare’s Twelfth night is located in Illyria, the ancient region of the Western Balkans which is now in Croatia (and Slovenia, Montenegro and Albania).
  27. A third of Croatian is covered by forest.
  28. Split sphinxes brought from Egypt in the Diocletian’s Palace are more than 4,000 years old.
  29. English poet Lord Byron called Dubrovnik “the pearl of the Adriatic”. Still carries that name.
  30. Croatia enjoys 2,715 hours of sunshine annually. This is more than in Sydney, Australia.
  31. Two Croats won the Nobel Prize: PJ Hayes, 1939 and Vladimir Prelog, 1975.
  32. Forbes magazine ranked Croatia in 12th place in the world for seniors: “Croatia offers the beauty of nature, mild Mediterranean climate, ancient culture, tax breaks for seniors and low cost of living.”
  33. The Institute for Economics and Peace ranked Croatia in front of the United States by security and protection.
  34. Maglite flashlights were invented by the American inventor with Croatian origin Ante Maglica (eng. (Anthony “Tony” Maglica). He was born in New York but spent his childhood on the Dalmatian island of Zlarin.
  35. In Ston there are the longest stone wall in Europe, five kilometers long.
  36. Croatia has one of the best drinking water in Europe.
  37. Picigin, the traditional amateur sport. The game is played in shallow water, and the goal is to prevent the ball to touch the water. It is on the list of the intangible heritage under UNESCO protection.
  38. Croatian has a woman president Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic, who is the 24th female president in the world.
  39. The smallest city in the world is located in Croatia, Hum in Istria
  40. Nikola Tesla was a Croat, was born in Smiljan.
  41. Coast and form of the beach Zlatni Rat in Bol depends on the wind, which she changes the color.
  42. The smallest cathedral in the world is the Church of the Holy Cross in Nin.
  43. The oldest theater in the world that operates constantly since 1612. is located in Croatia on the island Hvar.
  44. The first hydropower plant in the world was put into operation in 1895 near Sibenik.
  45. The US White House in Washington, was built of white stone from Brac.